Course: Introduction to environmental protection

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Course title Introduction to environmental protection
Course code UHV/M0090
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 3
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • ZAPLETAL Miloš, doc. Ing. Dr.
Course content
1. Ecology and environmental protection. Definition of ecology and environmental protection. Organisms, populations, communities. Relationships between organisms (species), populations, communities and their environment. 2. Relationship organisms and the environment. Biotic environment (created by all living organisms) and abiotic (composed of inanimate matter - soil, water, air, radiation, etc.). Conditions (eg temperature, pH, relative humidity) and resources (eg energy, food and places the survival of organisms). 3. Resources. Definition sources. The limiting factor in the context of Liebig law. Solar radiation. The course of photosynthesis. Factors that affect photosynthesis. Photosynthesis and respiration. 4. The limiting environmental conditions. The occurrence and abundance of species. Conditions such as abiotic factors (temperature, relative humidity, pH, salinity, water flow rate, the concentration of pollutants). 5. Trophic structure of the ecosystem. The ecosystem as a community (biocenosis) animals, plants and microorganisms. Habitats. Climatypes, edafotop and hydrotop. The importance of energy for the ecosystem. Autotrophic organisms. Chemotrophic organisms (bacteria). Producers. Heterotrophic organisms. Consumers. 6. Biogeochemical cycles in the ecosystem. Repeated cycles of materials between living organisms and their environment in different ecosystems of the continents and oceans. Cycle water. Carbon cycle. The nitrogen cycle. The cycle of phosphorus. Sulfur cycle. 7. Ecosystems and communities. The ecosystem as a community (biocenosis) animals, plants and microorganisms, which in a certain area (habitat) are related to each other and in relation to the environment and each other form a unit with a closed circulation fabric. 8. Succession. Succession as a one-way process of development inevitable gradual sequence of changes in the species composition of communities (biocenosis) on habitats that goes in a certain direction and we can reasonably predict. The initial stage of the community. 9. Spatially defined ecosystems. Spatially defined ecosystem in horizontal and vertical direction. Defining vegetation zones according to altitude. Definition of ecosystem variability in the horizontal direction. 10. Evolutionary ecology. Diversity as a condition of evolution. Long-term changes within a population over time, leading to the formation of new species. Methods of genetic changes. 11. The theory of island biogeography and landscape. Interplay speed colonization of the island, its size and the diversity of organisms on the island. 12. Ecological stability and balance. Existence of stabilizing processes and mechanisms operating within ecosystems. Feedback, succession, food chains, energy flows and biogeochemical cycles in ecosystems.

Learning activities and teaching methods
  • unspecified - 2 hours per semester
Recommended literature
  • Begon, M., Harper, J.L., Towsend, C.R.:. Ekologie - jedinci, populace a společenstva.. Olomouc, 1997.
  • Duvigneaud, P.:. Ekologická syntéza.. Praha, 1988.
  • Forman, T.T.R, Godron, M.:. Krajinná ekologie.. Praha, 1993.
  • Herčík, M.:. Životního prostředí - Úvod do studia.. Ostrava, 1996.
  • Kudrna, K.:. Biosféra a lidstvo.. Praha, 1988.
  • Lipský, Z.:. Krajinní ekologie.. Praha, 1999.
  • Míchal, I.:. Ekologická stabilita.. Praha, 1992.
  • Milhajevič, M., Moldan, B.:. Otázky biogeochemie.. Praha, 2000.
  • Moldán, B.:. Podmaněná planeta.. Praha, 2009.
  • Moldan, B.:. Příroda a civilizace - životní prostředí a rozvoj lidské civilizace.. Praha, 1997.
  • Nováček, P., Huba, M.:. Ohrožená planeta.. Olomouc, 1994.
  • Odum, E. P.:. Základy ekologie.. Praha, 1977.
  • Storch, D., Mihulka, S.:. Úvod do současné ekologie.. Praha, 2000.
  • Zapletal, M.:. Atmosférická depozice acidifikačních činitelů na území České republiky.. Opava, 1997.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava History - Museology (1) History courses 1 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava Environmental Monitoring (2) Ecology and environmental protection 1 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava Museology in combination with another discipline (1) History courses 1 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava Cultural History (1) History courses 1 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava Museology in combination with another discipline (1) History courses 1 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava Information studies with the focus on library science (1) Journalism, library science and informatics 1 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava Environmental Monitoring (1) Ecology and environmental protection 1 Winter