Course: Introduction to Particle Physics II

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Course title Introduction to Particle Physics II
Course code UF/TF508
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • LICHARD Peter, prof. Ing. DrSc.
Course content
Charge independence of strong interactions. Experimental indication of the charge symmetry and charge independence in nuclear and particle physics; the SU(2) group, its relation to the group O(3) and its representation. Strange particles. The discovery of the associated production of strange particles. Definition of strangeness and hypercharge; Gell-Mann and Nishijima formula. Hyperons and cascade hyperons; the meson and baryon octets. The SU(3) group, its irreducible representations, correspondence with the hadron multiplets. SU(3) symmetry breaking, Gell-Mann and Okubo formula. Discovery of the Omega hyperon. Fundamental representation, quarks. Kaon decays, Lee and Yang hypothesis. Wu experiment; longitudinal polarization of leptons. Peculiarities in the decays of neutral kaons, the narrow CP-parity states; regeneration and oscillations; violation of the CP invariance. Structure of nucleons from the lepton scattering. Elastic scattering of electrons, charge density in nuclei and electromagnetic form factors of nucleons. Deep inelastic scattering of leptons and parton structure of nucleons; quarks as partons; structure functions; momentum carried by quarks as an evidence of the gluon existence. Manifestation of the existence of further quarks. Discovery of the J/psi as an indication of the charm quark; mesons with open charm, charmed baryons. Discovery of Upsilon and of the bottom quark. Hadrons with open bottomness. Discovery of the t quark. General form of the Gell-Mann and Nishijima formula. Gauge theories. Interaction as a result of the invariance against the local gauge transformation; quanta of the gauge field. Electromagnetic interactions, gauge group U(1) and photon. Electroweak interaction, Standard Model, W and Z bosons. Universality of the weak interaction, CKM matrix. Strong interaction among quarks, color SU(3) group, gluons. The consequences of the non-abelian character of the gauge group. Production of jets in the e+ e- annihilation.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lectures, tutorial sessions, regularly assigned and evaluated home tasks.
Recommended literature
  • Close F. - Marten M. - Sutton C. The Particle Odyssey. Oxford University Press, 2002. ISBN 978-0198609438.
  • Close F. Částicová fyzika. Praha, 2008. ISBN 978-80-7363-160-4.
  • Martin B. R. Particle Physics. John Wiley & Sons, 1995.
  • Úlehla I. - Suk M. - Trka Z. Atomy, jádra, částice. Academia, 1990. ISBN 8020001352.
  • Žáček J. Úvod do fyziky elementárních částic. Nakladatelství Karolinum, 2005. ISBN 9788024611099.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava Theoretical Physics (2) Physics courses - Summer