Course: Introduction to Particle Physics

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Course title Introduction to Particle Physics
Course code UF/DF033
Organizational form of instruction no contact
Level of course Doctoral
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 0
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
  • LICHARD Peter, prof. Ing. DrSc.
Course content
Outline of the history and current state of particle physics. Key discoveries, experiments and ideas; the structure and interactions of particles. Leptons, quarks, gauge bosons, hadrons; mesons and baryons; stable and unstable particles, resonances. Antiparticles. Kinematics of collisions and decays. Conservation laws, relativistic invariants. Cross section, luminosity. Longitudinal and transverse momentum, rapidity. Lifetime, differential decay width. Branching fraction and branching ratio. Dalitz plot. Experimental methods of particle physics. Basic principle and types of accelerators. Linear accelerators electrostatic and radiofrequency; circular accelerators of electrons, protons and heavy ions. Primary and secondary beams. Targets. Accumulators and colliders, accelerator complexes. Physical principles and characteristics of detectors; the most important types of detectors; calorimeters and spectrometers. Detector complexes. Properties of hadrons. Mass, charge, spin, baryon number, spatial (P) parity, isospin and its third component, charge (C) parity, G parity. Conservation laws in strong, electromagnetic and weak interactions of hadrons. Properties of leptons. Lepton numbers, experimental proof of the non-identity of the electron neutrino and antineutrino, that of electron and muon antineutrino. The number of neutrino families; possible nonconservation of lepton numbers, neutrino oscillation; the neutrinos from the Sun.

Learning activities and teaching methods
One-to-One tutorial, Skills demonstration, Students' self-study, Lectures, tutorial sessions, regularly assigned and evaluated home tasks.
Recommended literature
  • Close F. - Marten M. - Sutton C. The Particle Odyssey. Oxford University Press, 2002. ISBN 978-0198609438.
  • Close F. Částicová fyzika. Praha, 2008. ISBN 978-80-7363-160-4.
  • Dosch, H.G. Za hranicemi nanosvěta. Leptony, kvarky, kalibrační bosony. Academia, 2011. ISBN 978-80-200-1871-7.
  • Ho-Kim Q., Yem X. P. Elementary Particles and Their Interactions.. Springer, 1998. ISBN 3-540-63667-6.
  • Úlehla I. - Suk M. - Trka Z. Atomy, jádra, částice. Academia, 1990. ISBN 8020001352.
  • Žáček J. Úvod do fyziky elementárních částic. Nakladatelství Karolinum, 2005. ISBN 9788024611099.

Study plans that include the course