Course: Introductory Astronomy and Astrophysics

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Course title Introductory Astronomy and Astrophysics
Course code UF/0B303
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 3
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
  • KUČÁKOVÁ Hana, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • KOVÁŘ Jiří, RNDr. Ph.D.
  • TRUPAROVÁ Kamila, Mgr.
Course content
1) History of Astronomy: Aristarchus, Hipparchus, Ptolemy, Aristotle, Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, Newton, Hubble, Einstein. 2) Spherical astronomy: coordinate systems, precession and nutation Earth's axis, aberration, parallax, refraction, constellations, star maps and catalogs, time, calendar. 3) Celestial Mechanics: Newton's law of gravity, escape velocity, Kepler's laws, orbital elements, Kepler's equation, the relative positions of the planets synodic and sidereal orbital period. 4) The Solar System: formation, planets and their moons, small bodies, moon, eclipses and occultations, tidal, libration, apparent and actual motion of the planets. 5) Radiation in Astrophysics: characteristic radiation of blackbody radiation, temperature, radiation of atoms and molecules, Boltzmann and Saha equation, continuous and line spectrum. 6) The variable stars: magnitude, Pogsonova equation, color index and excesses, interstellar and atmospheric extinction, spectral classification, H - R diagram. 7) Double stars: classification binaries, basic properties, mass function.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Recommended literature
  • Karttunen H., Kröger P., Oja H., Poutanen M., Donner K. J. Fundamental Astronomy. Springer, 2007.
  • Široký J., Široká M. Základy astronomie v příkladech. SPN, Praha, 1966.
  • Šolc M., Švestka J., Vanýsek V. Fyzika hvězd a vesmíru. SPN, Praha, 1991.
  • Štefl V., Korčáková D., Krtička J. Úlohy z astrofyziky. Skriptum MU Brno, 2010.
  • Vanýsek V. Základy astronomie a astrofyziky. Academia, Praha, 1980.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Philosophy and Science in Opava Astrophysics (1) Physics courses 2 Winter